Siena vs Florence: Tuscany’s Duel of Which City Is Better

Planning a trip to Italy and can’t decide between Siena or Florence? Well, you’re in luck because I’ve been to both cities and am here to help you make an informed decision!

Siena vs. Florence: which city should you make your home base, or which city to add to your must-visit list?

Both cities are incredibly beautiful and rich in history and art, but they do offer different experiences for travellers.

That’s why I’ve decided to compare Siena and Florence side by side, highlighting their unique charms, cultural attractions, and must-see landmarks. This will help you to decide which city you like better.

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Summary of Siena vs Florence

If you’re in a hurry, here is your at-a-glance look at how these two cities stack up against each other. But, I encourage you to read about them to find out why I selected the way I did.

I don’t want you to write off Siena just yet!

chart showing the comparators of florence vs siena

Siena or Florence: Which City is Better?

The age-old rivalry between Siena and Florence in Italy is like a friendly feud that goes way back.

People in Italy are divided between being die-hard fans of Siena or Florence. It all started in medieval times and the Renaissance when these cities developed unique identities.

Siena boasts medieval charm and the famous Palio horse race, while Florence takes pride in being the birthplace of the Renaissance, with amazing art and architecture.

This friendly competition is deeply rooted in history, with locals passing down their loyalties through generations, making it a lively topic of conversation among Italians and tourists alike.


When it comes to attractions and architectural beauty, both Siena and Florence shine but just in different ways. Both have a historic city centre that is designated a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Siena Italy

What I love the most about Siena is its timeless medieval charm in every attraction that transports you back in time. Siena’s architecture is like stepping into a medieval fairy tale. Two main attractions in Siena are a must-visit that you can easily see in one day.

  • Piazza del Campo: Picture this – an expansive shell-shaped square adorned with medieval architecture and bustling cafes – welcome to Piazza del Campo in Siena! This is an iconic square that serves as the heart of the city. Admire Palazzo Pubblico’s lofty tower, which offers panoramic views over the terracotta rooftops (a must!). Every year in July and August, witness an exhilarating horse race called Il Palio where different contrade (neighbourhoods) compete for glory amidst thunderous cheers from spectators.
  • Duomo di Siena: Prepare to be awestruck by one of Italy’s most magnificent Gothic cathedrals – Duomo di Siena. Its exterior showcases intricate marble work while its interior houses artistic masterpieces by renowned artists such as Donatello and Michelangelo. Climb up its majestic dome for breathtaking vistas or descend into its crypt to discover hidden treasures from centuries past.

Florence Italy

What is there not to love about the biggest Renaissance city in Tuscany? It’s chockfull of art, architecture, and cultural landmarks. The sheer number of attractions this Tuscan city offers will keep you busy for days.

  • The iconic Florence Cathedral, also known as the Duomo, with its magnificent dome by Brunelleschi, stands tall as a symbol of the city’s grandeur. It will literally take your breath away.
  • The historic center, is a living museum in itself, with architectural marvels such as the Palazzo Vecchio and the Ponte Vecchio, a bridge adorned with shops and offering breathtaking views of the Arno River. The many piazzas in Florence are perfect for people-watching and soaking up the lively atmosphere too.
  • You can’t miss the Uffizi Gallery, home to masterpieces by Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, and Botticelli.


Art & Culture


Siena’s art scene pales in comparison to Florence, but it showcases its cultural legacy through its famous Palio di Siena, a thrilling horse race held in the Piazza del Campo twice a year.

The city’s strong medieval traditions and the passionate rivalry between its 17 contrade (districts) are one of the top things to see if the timing is right.


Art enthusiasts find themselves in paradise as they step foot into Florence.

The Uffizi Gallery houses an unrivalled collection of masterpieces, including Botticelli’s “The Birth of Venus” and da Vinci’s “Annunciation.”

Meanwhile, the Accademia Gallery is home to Michelangelo’s immortal statue, the “David,” a sublime work of art that leaves visitors awe-inspired.


Green Spaces

When it comes to pretty gardens, Siena and Florence each offer their own escapes from the urban bustle.


In Siena, the Giardino La Lizza lies just outside the historic walls of the city centre and aside from the garden it offers panoramic views of the city. It’s a great spot to grab a gelato and rest your feet.


In Florence, the Boboli Gardens is a sprawling haven of terraced landscapes, elegant statues, and enchanting fountains from the 16th and 17 centuries. It is so spectacular that this garden inspired the Jardin du Luxembourg in Paris. Come here in the morning to watch the sun rise over the city.



In the culinary realm, both Siena and Florence tantalize taste buds with their distinct gastronomic delights. You’re in Italy after all, and there isn’t a bad meal to be had.


Siena is well known for its pici pasta, a rustic homemade spaghetti that can be served with a hearty ragu for meat lovers or Cacio e Pepe for vegetarians. This delicious dish pairs perfectly with a glass of the renowned Chianti wine.

I recommend these restaurants in Siena for lunch or dinner:


Florence is famous for its mouthwatering Florentine steak, called bistecca alla Fiorentina which will satisfy any meat lover. Exploring the bustling Mercato Centrale, the gourmet food hall is a must for every foodie. Both Siena and Florence also offer traditional dishes like ribollita and irresistible gelato.

I recommend these restaurants in Florence for lunch or dinner:


Getting to the City and Around the City

Both Siena and Florence are easily accessible and well-connected. Exploring the streets of Siena and Florence is a delightful experience, thanks to their compact sizes and pedestrian-friendly layouts.

Getting to Florence is far more accessible with being home to its own international airport as well as rail connections to major Italian cities, making it a convenient starting point for exploring the region.

In Siena’s favour is that the old historic centre is closed to traffic, allowing visitors to freely wander its enchanting medieval streets. The city centre in Florence is equally walkable but does have more access points for cars.

That makes Florence the ideal city for a home base whereas Sienas is a great city for a day trip.



Siena is full of charming streets lined with boutique shops, offering unique and artisanal goods that make for perfect souvenirs.

But nothing competes with the shopping found in Florence. It is famous for its luxury shopping, with the elegant Via de’ Tornabuoni, where high-end fashion brands and designer labels tempt fashion enthusiasts.

Moreover, Florence’s leather goods, from handbags to jackets, are renowned for their craftsmanship, making it a mecca for leather lovers. I still have my leather jacket and suede boots from Florence.



When the sun sets, Siena and Florence cater to different tastes of nightlife.


Siena, with its strong sense of community and smaller size, offers a cozy and intimate atmosphere for an evening out. A late-night dinner followed by a charming wine bar to enjoy a glass of local wine is a quiet way to spend the evening. Everyone gathers in the Piazza del Campo transforming into a lively social hub, with the outdoor cafes and bars offering a lively ambiance, especially during the summer months.


On the other hand, the nightlife in Florence does offer the same experience, but if you are looking for more, Florence is the city to visit, reflecting its larger size and cosmopolitan vibe.

Florence offers more in terms of a wide range of options, from trendy bars and cocktail lounges to bustling nightclubs that keep the party going until the early hours of the morning.

The Oltrarno neighbourhood, located on the other side of the Arno River, is a popular spot for locals and tourists alike, with its hip bars and live music venues. Florence also hosts more cultural events, concerts, and theatre performances.


Budget Friendly

Considerations of cost play a significant role in travel planning.

Siena, being smaller and less touristy, generally offers more budget-friendly options for accommodations and dining. Exploring Siena can be an economical choice, particularly for travellers seeking to experience Italian charm without breaking the bank.

Florence, as a popular tourist destination, has slightly higher prices for dining, attractions and accommodations due to higher demand.


Type of Traveller: Will it be Florence or Siena

Siena and Florence cater to a diverse range of travellers, each offering unique experiences that resonate with different types of holidaymakers.

chart showing differences between siena or florence

For Siena, if you’re budget-friendly, a couple seeking romance, a passionate foodie, or a history buff, Siena is your perfect match!

Florence is the perfect city for those looking for a well-rounded vacation- whether you are a family, couple, or solo. If you are an art lover in pursuit of Renaissance masterpieces, a museum-goer hungry for cultural immersion, a shopaholic seeking high-end fashion, a foodie craving delectable Tuscan cuisine, or a night owl ready to dive into the vibrant nightlife scene. Florence caters to diverse interests and makes for a great weekend city break.

Best Base for Exploring Tuscany: Florence vs Siena

When it comes to choosing the best base for exploring Tuscany, both Siena and Florence offer distinct advantages.

Siena‘s central location amidst the rolling hills of Tuscany makes it an excellent base for those seeking a more tranquil and authentic Tuscan experience. From Siena, you can easily venture into the charming countryside, dotted with vineyards, olive groves, and picturesque villages. But you will need a car.

On the other hand, Florence‘s strategic position and excellent transportation connections make it an ideal base for exploring the wider region. Its extensive rail network and proximity to major highways allow for convenient day trips to other Tuscan gems in the Chianti wine region. By train, you can travel to Bologna, Modena, and Parma.


If you love experiences, then I’ve found some that you’re going to love! These are all unique fun ways to enjoy either both cities.

Siena Experiences

#1 Top Pick
countryside winery on florence vs siena day trip


Brunello di Montalcino Guided Wine Tour W/ Lunch

✅4.9⭐️ & 129 reviews

✅ 9 hours

✅ Tour the Montalcino Hill, and 3 different Brunello wineries

#2 Pick
glass of white wine with citrus fruits on day trip from siena or florence

Educational Wine Tour & Tasting

✅ 4.9⭐️ & 113 reviews

✅ 3 hours

✅At an organic winery, learn all about wine over lunch and tasting.

#3 Pick
homemade pasta with wooden rolling pin in siena

Small Group Pasta and Tiramisu Class

✅ 4.9⭐️ & 36 reviews

✅ 3 hours

✅ In a local home, make pasta and tiramisu and enjoy

Florence Experiences

#1 Top Pick
lunch table with countryside view of hilltop town in siena or florence


Tuscany Day Trip with Lunch at Chianti winery

✅ 4.8⭐️ & 2,512 reviews

✅ 12 hours guided group tour

✅ Visit Siena, San Gimignano, and Pisa

#2 Pick
church with grand piano and frescos on trip to florence and siena

Santa Monaca Church Italian Opera Concert

✅ 4.7⭐️ & 251 reviews

✅ 65-120 minutes

✅ Listen to live performances of Verdi, Puccini in 15th C church

#3 Pick
fishing boats, colourful houses on rock cliff on day trip from siena vs florence

Day Trip to Cinque Terre

✅ 4.3⭐️ & 971 reviews

✅ 12 hours

✅ Visit 5 towns by coach, train, and boat

Day Trips

If you want to see many of the Tuscan towns and villages I recommend a car. Many of these are not accessible to reach by train and buses take far too long. The alternative is to take a group tour, but sometimes it’s fun to have a road trip.

IT Siena vs Florence 8


My top pick for places to stay in Siena and Florence.

FAQ: Florence and Siena

Is Siena or Florence more crowded with tourists?

Florence tends to be more crowded with tourists, especially in popular areas like Piazza del Duomo and Ponte Vecchio. Siena, although still attracting tourists, generally offers a more intimate and relaxed atmosphere, especially in its smaller streets and squares.

Can I visit both Siena and Florence on one trip?

Yes, it is possible to visit both cities in one trip, as they are relatively close to each other. It’s recommended to allocate at least a day for each city to fully appreciate their unique charms and attractions. Be sure to pre-book your entrance tickets to maximize your time.

As a Holidaymaker

Siena and Florence have their own unique charm. Ultimately, the choice between these two remarkable cities depends on personal preferences and interests. My recommendation is to see them both.

Next, head to my Travel Guide for Italy for more resources, inspiration and all of my articles.

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