Are you a fan of architecture, in particular Art Nouveau? Then you have to go to Brussels. Use this guide as your very own Art Nouveau tour. With so many examples spread throughout the city, I have broken it down into three main areas creating your very own architectural walking tour. Use the Art Nouveau Brussels map to give you the exact addresses for you to stroll and admire these impressive hidden gems. (Updated May 2022)
Experience | Take a 3-hour guided tour to learn about the origins and the development of the Art Nouveau architectural style in Brussels. The tour takes you to the Bailli district to see several of the most important Art Nouveau houses in the city and finishes at the Victor Horta Museum, click here to book.
Art Nouveau Brussels
Brussels is well-known for its Art Nouveau architecture, and some say, it’s where it all began. It was where architects Victor Horta and Paul Hankar, who was credited with designing the first two Art Nouveau buildings in the world, lived and worked. Ever since then, more than 1,000 buildings, from private homes to public spaces, were built in the Art Nouveau style in Brussels between 1890 and 1910, but only about half of them remain today.
What is Art Nouveau?
Classic Art Nouveau style is usually made of materials associated with the turn of the century, such as iron, glass, and exposed brick. Art Nouveau architects and artists incorporated fluid lines and geometric shapes into their designs. They were often inspired by nature. At the time, it was incredibly expensive and therefore usually reserved for only the very rich. By 1910, Art Nouveau was out of style. It was first replaced by Art Deco and then later by Modernism.
Art Nouveau Tour #1
HOTEL SOLVAY (224 Louise Ave)
Designed in 1900 by architect Victor Horta. He designed every detail from furniture to lighting to tableware. It’s now designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is open to the public for tours.
HOTEL TASSEL (6 Rue Paul Emilie Janson)
Designed in 1893 by architect Victor Horta and has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
OCTAVE VAN RYSSELBERGHE HOUSE (83 Rue de Livourne)
Designed by architect Octave van Rysselberghe in 1912 for his personal residence.
CIAMERLANIE HOUSE (48 Rue Defacqz)
Designed by architect Paul Hankar in 1897 for Albert Ciamberlani.
HANKER HOUSE (71 Rue Faider)
Designed by architect Paul Hanker in 1893 for his own personal residence.
UNNAMED HOUSES (83 Rue Faider and 92 Rue Africaine)
HORTA HOUSE (25 Rue Americaine)
Now referred to as the Horta Museum was designed by Victor Horta in 1901. This designated UNESCO World Heritage Site is open to the public for tours
1. Art Nouveau Walking Tour Brussels – Louise to Ixelles to St. Gilles
Art Nouveau Tour #2
CAUCHIE HOUSE (5 Rue des Francs)
Designed by Paul Cauchie in 1905 for his personal residence, known as the Cauchie House. What makes this house unique is the golden art mural on its façade with the inscription ‘Par nous, pour nous’ or ‘By us, for us.’
SAINT-CYR HOUSE (11 Ambiorix Square)
VILLA GERMAINE HOUSE (24 Palmerston Avenue)
HOTEL VAN EETVELDE (4 Palmerston Avenue)
GUTENBERG AND MARIE LOUISE SQUARES
Many unknown and unnamed art nouveau homes in and around Marie-Louise Square are definitely worth exploring.
2. Art Nouveau Walking Tour Brussels – Cinquantenaire Park to the Squares Neighbourhood
Art Nouveau Tour #3
AVENUE LOUIS BERTRAND (43 Louis Bertrand Avenue)
Many unknown and unnamed art nouveau homes on this lovely tree-lined street is the perfect area to stroll and admire the homes.
AUTRIQUE HOUSE (266 Chaussée de Haecht)
The Autrique House was the first townhouse built by Victor Horta, in 1893.
3. Art Nouveau Walking Tour Brussels – Avenue Louis Bertrand (Schaerbeek) Neighbourhood
Related reading | If you are in Brussels and looking for those unmissable day trips, check out my article 5 Must-See Cities Beyond Brussels
As a holidaymaker…
If you don’t want to do your own walking tour as I’ve done, check out the Brussels Art Nouveau and Art Deco (BANAD) festival where for three consecutive weekends in March select buildings ranging from smaller townhomes to large mansions to public buildings are open to the public for tours led by professional guides. If you love architecture as much as I do this is the top thing to do in Brussels.